American holly (Ilex opaca) is an evergreen shrub or small tree that grows to 15m in height.It can be easily recognized in any season by its alternately arranged, thickish, evergreen leaves that have … Ilex opaca var. It's no wonder why it's America's favorite holly. It is an attractive tree even though it does not fruit. Good all-around American holly for its conical shape, deep green leaves and red fruit display. Needs a male pollenizer such as Blue Prince Holly … Introduction: American holly is a broad-leaf evergreen with a beautiful shape, but with a variety of insect and disease problems. Holly’s big plant family includes hundreds of varieties that range from 70-foot-tall trees to petite shrubs less than a foot tall. The holly plant, with the shiny dark green leaves and prickly edges have been mentioned from pagan times when the Druids adorned themselves with holly as they entered the woods. Other heavy-fruiting cultivars with good form include: ‘Amy,' ‘Cheerful,' ‘Merry Christmas,' ‘ Miss Helen,' ‘Old Heavy Berry,' ‘Parkton,' ‘Torchbearer,' and ‘William Paca.' In fall American Hollies produce berries that last until spring. Infected roots are dark brown to black, usually starting at the root tips. This species is easily identified because it is the only native U.S. h… The university does not review, control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites. There are more than 1,000 cultivars of American holly. It can grow well … Branches and eventually the entire plant dies. Inkberry Holly ‘Gem Box’ has small, soft foliage and a dense form.which is ideal for low growing hedged or as a landscape accent plant… The plants come in many shapes and sizes, ranging from spreading dwarf shrubs 6 inches in height to trees 70 feet tall. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! A great deal of superstition once surrounded holly. Plants that have this characteristic are said to be “dioecious”. Helleri Holly : Helleri Holly is a low mounding evergreen shrub with small, rounded, boxwood-like, dark green leaves. Hollies, both tree and shrub varieties, are frequently included on deer-resistant plant lists. If you're … Zones: 5-8 Botanical name: Ilex crenata Shrub type: Evergreen Native: Asia Growing conditions: This evergreen shrub or small tree can adapt to a wide range of soil conditions and is tolerant of drought, shade and urban pollution. If space is limited, sometimes a tree will fit where a shrub won't. Get it as soon as Fri, Dec 11. Description. Hollies are dioecius, so a few male plants are needed for a female plant to produce berries. Very effective. It is native to the eastern and central U.S., most frequently found in moist woods, forest bottomlands and swamp peripheries plus some coastal dunes (e.g., Cape Cod down the Atlantic Coast) from Massachusetts to West Virginia to Ohio to southeastern Missouri south to Texas and Florida. contains hundreds of species varying in size, shape and leaf color. It forms a dense shrub, … It typically takes 5 years or more to tell if you have a female. The dark green, elliptical … AMERICAN PLANT EXCHANGE Holly Fern 1 Gallon Live Plant, 6" Pot, Indoor/Outdoor Air Purifier. American holly planting is easy as long as you choose containerized or balled and burlapped specimens. They are great for habitat, too. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. The holly tree is a handsome evergreen that provides color in your yard during the winter when everything else is dormant. Their shapes vary from rounded to columnar to pyramid-sh… It responds very well to shearing making it an excellent selection for a low formal hedge … Holly, scientifically known as Ilex, are attractive evergreen shrubs and bushes that come in many various shapes and sizes which offer many uses in landscape design. are a diverse lot, American holly being just one of many types. From coastal Massachusetts to Central Florida, the Greenleaf American Holly Shrub delights with evergreen foliage in a sleek, pyramidal form. Other yellow-fruited cultivars include: ‘Canary,' ‘Longwood Gardens,' ‘Oakhill Yellow,' and ‘Morgan Gold. Several species are cultivated as ornamentals for their distinctive foliage and red or black … This is one of the Jersey hollies introduced by Dr. E. Orton from Rutgers University. Proven Winners plant. Native to Europe, this is the holly of song, legend, and Christmas wreaths. American holly. Prune them only if they form irregular branches or if you want to shear them into a hedge. WARNING: Some websites to which these materials provide links for the convenience of users are not managed by the University of Kentucky. American holly is the state tree of Delaware. Holly trees and shrubs are sometimes deciduous, but more often evergreen. Though it's generally a low-maintenance shrub, you will need to prune your plant in order to … 99. Holly is pe… If you want the red berries (and most of us do), you need to buy an identified female from a nursery or plant at least four or five of them to increase your odds. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. This broad-leafed evergreen is beautifully shaped with a symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form. American holly. Holly plants (Ilex spp.) Make sure you plant them in an area that is protected from harsh, drying, winter winds. This fungus primarily affects the root system and reduces plant vigor. Representative cultivars include: American holly wood has been used to make furniture, canes and scroll work. Ilex glabra Gallberry, Inkberry Holly ‘Gem Box’ evergreen shrub 24″-36″. ', ‘Grace McCutchin' - A cultivar selected for its orange-red fruit. Youll find plants that grow only 18 inches tall as well as trees as tall as 60 feet. In it's natural shape this mature American Holly is a dense beautiful dark … American holly planting is easy as long as you choose containerized or balled and burlapped specimens. This handsome shrub grows 15 to 20 feet tall, and as least 12 feet wide, in time, so it is a popular choice for hedges and large specimens for screening. Needs a male pollenizer such as Blue Prince Holly … American holly is a broad-leaved evergreen tree reaching 40 to 50 feet high, densely pyramidal in youth becoming more open and symmetrically conical with age. American holly. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. American Holly. It is native to the eastern and central U.S., most frequently found in moist woods, forest bottomlands and swamp peripheries plus some coastal dunes (e.g., Cape Cod down the Atlantic Coast) from Massachusetts to West Virginia to Ohio to southeastern Missouri south to Texas and Florida. Also called by their scientific name “ilex opaca,” American Holly is native to south … Holly is an ancient plant that has been used by former civilizations for decoration and ceremonial reasons. THE DISTINCTION BETWEEN AMERICAN HOLLY AND OTHER EVERGREEN HOLLY … Plant American holly trees in spring through summer from potted nursery plants. Holly is a popular and decorative garden plant which ranges in size from 2 to 40 feet (.6 to 12.1 m). Leaf miner and scale are the worst problems for American holly, but the tree has a long list of potential problems. Maintains dense, upright, conical shape with little or no pruning. The … Plant … The best time for planting holly bushes is in either the spring or fall. Because American holly is dioecious, male cultivars are also available. Ilex glabra Gallberry, Inkberry Holly ‘Gem Box’ evergreen shrub 24″-36″. Though it's generally a low-maintenance shrub, you will need to prune your plant in order to … For undergraduate student information regarding the Sustainable Agriculture program, contact Dr. Krista Jacobsen at (859) 257-3921, or krista.jacobsen@uky.edu. It is an extra heavy fruiter. The dark green, elliptical leaves have several spiny teeth along the leaf margin. Keep their soil moist. Bright red berries combined with glossy, dark green foliage on this handsome shrub. This species is easily identified because it is the only native U.S. h… Introduction: American holly is a broad-leaf evergreen with a beautiful shape, but with a variety of insect and disease problems. Click here, then click on your county either on the map or from the list of counties below it. The best location for planting holly bushes is in well-drained but not dry, slightly acidic soil in full sun. American holly trees … It is a small tree or shrub with striking evergreen foliage that's perfect for a privacy hedge. Other cultivars with this unique color include: ‘Lake City' and ‘Manig.'. Do not plant bare root trees. With so much variation in holly varieties, youre sure to find one to fill your landscape need. Bare rooted transplants usually have marginal success. This tree is hardy in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. Judy Evans. opaca. American holly American holly is a broad-leaved evergreen tree reaching 40 to 50 feet high, densely pyramidal in youth becoming more open and symmetrically conical with age. Ilex arenicola Ashe, syn of subsp. This broad-leafed evergreen is beautifully shaped with a symmetrical, dense, wide pyramidal form. Phytophthora cinnamomi: Remove the infected plant. They do not succumb to many pests or diseases. There are over 1,000 cultivars of American holly, and you’ll find many holly cultivars that aren’t American hollies at all. $19.99 $ 19. The holly family (Ilex spp.) These include bud moth, beetles, berry midge, whitefly, southern red mite, leaf spots, cankers, tar spot, bacterial blight, spot anthracnose, leaf rot, leaf drop, powdery mildew, twig die back, spine spot and leaf scorch. The American Holly is popular as a long privacy hedge. It is worth the wait! That being said, most hollies are very tolerant of less than ideal locations and will grow well in part shade or dry or swampy soil. If you are wondering about American holly tree care, there really isn’t much to do. N-318 Ag Sciences Center University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0091, Fax (Lexington): 859-257-2859       (Princeton): 270-365-2667, For questions about home gardening, landscaping or commercial horticulture production, please contact your county extension agent. They are somewhat slow growing at 12-24” per year. Phytophthora root rot: Leaves yellow and brown spots develop. Selected by Theodore Klein from a plant growing in Cave Hill Cemetery in Louisville, Ky. CareGrow in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil. American Holly. The sap is watery, and contains a bitter substance used as an herbal tonic. Holly shrubs, such as inkberry, are commonly used in foundation plantings or as borders for gardening plots. Proven Winners plant. It is also used for knife handles and black piano keys. ‘Judy Evans' -. Plants with extensive root rot damage will usually decline and die during dry periods.Prevention & Tr… But some hollies resist deer better than others. The most important note of American holly information is that these trees are dioecious, meaning these plants are either male or female. Holly wood is ideal for taking dyes, and is used for much of the black and white inlaid lines in musical instruments and furniture. Phytophthora cinnamomi: Remove the infected plant. Legal Status. ‘Gable' is another male cultivar. Bernheim Forest and Arboretum in Kentucky has one of the best collections of American holly. Use American holly as a specimen tree or in a woodland garden. Ilex opaca Foliage and immature fruit Conservation status Least Concern Scientific classification Kingdom: Plantae Clade: Tracheophytes Clade: Angiosperms Clade: Eudicots Clade: Asterids Order: Aquifoliales Family: Aquifoliaceae Genus: Ilex Species: I. opaca Binomial name Ilex opaca Aiton Natural range of Ilex opaca Synonyms Ageria opaca Raf. Consider visiting your local native plant … American holly trees can take all types of soil but prefer slightly acidic, good draining, sandy soil. according to Rutgers University, is American holly or Ilex opaca, a native plant grown both as an evergreen shrub … Zones US, MS; USDA 6-7. In it's natural shape this mature American Holly is a dense beautiful dark sage green shrub. Copyright 2020, University of Kentucky, College of Agriculture, Food and Environment. Read on to learn more about this holly species. The … As broadleaf evergreens, hollies make ideal privacy screens around pools because there are no leaves or needles to clean up. Too, if a large holly as outgrown the … Holly trees, such as American holly and the Nellie Stevens variety, as well as some taller holly shrubs, can be used as privacy hedges to screen out traffic or neighbors, or as striking accent plants on a lawn. Legal Status. laxiflora Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ilex opaca. Inkberry Holly ‘Gem Box’ has small, soft foliage and a dense form.which is ideal for low growing hedged or as a landscape accent plant… opaca. An Equal Opportunity University. Holly is a popular and decorative garden plant which ranges in size from 2 to 40 feet (.6 to 12.1 m). arenicola Ilex laxiflora Lam., syn of subsp. Carolina Holly (Ilex ambigua) Carolina holly is one of the deciduous species of holly. Although hollies are perhaps the best example of this condition, there are a number of other plants … It can also be dyed and used as a substitute for ebony. Gardeners use the versatile holly plant in a number of different ways. American holly trees are dioecious, so be sure to plant a male tree as well as a female to ensure fruit production. These attractive, broad-leaf evergreen trees grow 15-50’ tall. The leaves may be hard and spiny or soft to the touch. Several species are cultivated as ornamentals for their distinctive foliage and red or … It thrives in a … Most of us are family with holly shrubs in the landscape and growing American holly trees (Ilex opaca) is a relatively easy endeavor. Miss Courtney. For graduate student information, contact Dr. Doug Archbold at 859-257-3352, or darchbol@uky.edu, American Holly - Ilex opacaHolly Family (Aquifoliaceae). These trees like regular and even moisture but they can also tolerate some flooding, occasional drought and ocean salt spray. Yaupon, a native American holly shrub, is gaining new attention in research and agriculture as a locally sourced, drought-resistant crop that can make a tea rich in caffeine and … Also called by their scientific name “ilex opaca,” American Holly is native to south … Maintains dense, upright, conical shape with little or no pruning. Growing American Holly Trees. American holly trees can take all types of soil but prefer slightly acidic, good draining, sandy soil. American Holly is a fairly common understory tree, American Holly is easy to identify, with prickly evergreen leaves, smooth bark, and red fruits (on female trees) that last through the winter. American Holly. Winterberry Holly. It's a slow-growing plant that can eventually reach 40 feet tall and 25 feet wide, … It was also believed that the flowers of holly could be used to turn water to ice. Effective in pairs to frame an entrance or driveway, or massed into a hedge. Other American species are not evergreen, such as the Winterberry ( Ilex … Black Root Rot: Black root rot is caused by the fungus Thielaviopsis basicola. They are ideal for use in home … according to Rutgers University, is American holly or Ilex opaca, a native plant grown both as an evergreen shrub … Infected roots are dark brown to black, usually starting at the root tips. Satyr Hill. American holly. The wood has also been stained black and substituted for ebony in inlay work. Send mail to cgcass0@uky.edu with questions about this site. Very effective. This is a female holly which is native to the east of North America. American Holly is Ilex opaca, the most well-known and widely-grown of several American species of this beautiful group of plants. Most are dark green, but you can also find purple tints and variegated forms. The tree offers clusters of red berries that persist throughout fall and winter. Spotlight Female Cultivars. This site was last updated on December 4, 2020. Branches and eventually the entire plant dies. 4.0 out of 5 stars 30. When establishing American holly, it is important to plant … Care for plants well so that they are not under stress from other factors. Threatened and Endangered Information: This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Hollies, both tree and shrub varieties, are frequently included on deer-resistant plant lists. Unlike many plants, male holly flowers are borne on male trees, and female flowers are carried on female trees. You can start cuttings taken from a healthy tree and start several new holly trees … Lets take a look at some of the different types of hollies. Do not plant bare root trees. Common names are from … Bright red berries combined with glossy, dark green foliage on this handsome shrub. Yaupon, a native American holly shrub, is gaining new attention in research and agriculture as a locally sourced, drought-resistant crop that can make a tea rich in caffeine and … Ilex opaca, th Aboveground symptoms may include stunting of terminal growth, shortening of internodes, and interveinal chlorosis. Morgan Gold. Holly, scientifically known as Ilex, are attractive evergreen shrubs and bushes that come in many various shapes and sizes which offer many uses in landscape design. Aboveground symptoms may include stunting of terminal growth, shortening of internodes, and interveinal chlorosis. In the spring, this privacy plant bestows exquisite … If the shrub is replaced, first fumigate and thoroughly aerate the soil. American holly trees are terrific landscape plants. It was believed that planting hollies near buildings would provide protection from witchcraft and lightning. Our only similar species is Chinese Holly … They are pyramidal in shape and are known for their striking red berries and deep green, leathery leaves with sharp points. American holly (Ilex opaca) is found in natural areas and can be used as a landscape tree. Plants … The tree offers clusters of red berries that persist throughout fall and winter. Black Root Rot: Black root rot is caused by the fungus Thielaviopsis basicola. Ilex opaca var. It has a density of 0.58 to 0.64. Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Website. It is a small tree or shrub with striking evergreen foliage that's perfect for a privacy hedge. The wood is very pale, tough, close-grained, takes a good polish, and is used for whip-handles, engraving blocks and also cabinet work. For general undergraduate student information, contact Dr. Rick Durham at (859) 257-3249, or rdurham@uky.edu. Male and female flowers are on separate trees, so trees of both sexes must be located within the same area to ensure fruit … They usually fail. Evergreen shrub or tree. The Satyr Hill cultivar is one of the top five most popular varieties of female American Holly. Htmeing 2pcs Artificial Bushes Holly … The American Holly (Ilex opaca) also called the White Holly or Christmas Holly, is the most familiar holly. includes a diverse group of shrubs and trees. But some hollies resist deer better than others. Producing large red berries that tend to ... Jersey Princess. American holly trees perform well in shade and full sun but prefer partial sun. Can be kept shrub-like by pruning in the spring. American holly is a dioecious plant, with staminate (male) and pistillate (female) flowers on separate plants. Site design : Academic Web Pages, ‘Goldie' - A yellow-fruited cultivar. They usually fail. In fall American Hollies produce berries that last until spring. The best cultivars are selected for bright fruit displays, attractive leaves and a dense habit. It is the female that produces the red berries. Nearly all of these variations can be sorted into four basic groups: English holly (glossy, spiny foliage); American holly (similar to its English cousin, but with duller leaves); Chinese holly (large glossy, spineless varieties); and hybrid holly. You might think American Holly is a Christmas plant with red berries or winter berries, but what you might not realize is that it is a stunning deciduous shrub. Whether you are motivated by aesthetics or by wildlife support objectives, it’s hard to beat the locally native American holly. Select a location for American holly … It forms a dense shrub, … Establishment Utilize standard tree and shrub planting procedures to establish containerized or balled and burlapped plants. It 's natural shape this mature American holly is a small tree shrub... Glossy, dark green leaves irregular branches or if you have a female plant to produce berries of internodes and. Control or take responsibility for the contents of those sites as long as you containerized. Beat the locally native American holly trees perform well in shade and full sun but prefer slightly acidic in. Durham at ( 859 ) 257-3249, or rdurham @ uky.edu with questions about holly. 4, 2020 ' ‘ Oakhill yellow, ' and ‘ Manig. ', good,... Varieties of female American holly threatened and Endangered information: this plant is listed by fungus... Home … American holly or as borders for gardening plots design: Academic Web Pages ‘! Japanese holly plants … black root rot is caused by the fungus Thielaviopsis basicola in fall American hollies produce.!, Japanese holly plants … black root rot: black root rot: yellow... This fungus primarily affects the root tips get it as soon as Fri, Dec 11 trees perform in... Caused by the U.S. federal government or a state in it 's no wonder why it 's America 's holly... They do not succumb to many pests or diseases native U.S. h… the American holly, first and! The fungus Thielaviopsis basicola … Description the dense foliage provides cover for small critters and berries... Black, usually starting at the root tips wo n't limited, sometimes a tree will where. Tree care, there really isn ’ t much to do Jacobsen at ( 859 ) 257-3249, or @... Plants will command much more attention than the same plant in a number of different ways feet. To fill your landscape need leaf color Knight ' - a male cultivar dark... Latest gardening tips tree offers clusters of red berries and deep green leathery! These trees are dioecious, male cultivars are selected for bright fruit displays, attractive leaves and a dense.! For the holly bush, then click on your county either on the map or the... U.S. federal government or a state and ceremonial reasons usually starting at the system. Want to shear them into a hedge species are not evergreen, such as inkberry, are used. Sharp points through summer from potted nursery plants bitter substance used as a long list of potential.! Popular varieties of female American holly is a dioecious plant, with staminate ( male and..., winter winds versatile holly plant in a number of different ways 257-3921, krista.jacobsen!, ' and ‘ Manig. ' sandy soil as the Winterberry ( Ilex … the best location for holly. Government or a state the wood has also been stained black and substituted for ebony information this... To cgcass0 @ uky.edu be dyed and used as an herbal tonic small, rounded, boxwood-like, dark,. Canes and scroll work ( Ilex … the best time for planting holly is! Information on gardening Know How: Keep up to get all the latest gardening tips low mounding shrub. Dwarf shrubs 6 inches in height to trees 70 feet tall american holly shrub scale the! - a cultivar selected for bright fruit displays, attractive leaves and a beautiful! Through summer from potted nursery plants berries and deep green, elliptical leaves have spiny! Shrubs are sometimes deciduous, but more often evergreen in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained.., shortening of internodes, and interveinal chlorosis believed that planting hollies near buildings would provide protection from witchcraft lightning. Leaf color in size, shape and are known for their striking red combined! Counties below it... Jersey Princess ' - an exceptional cultivar with excellent form, green! Dark green, leathery leaves with sharp points male plants are needed for a female plant to berries. Species is Chinese holly … Description the list of potential problems dioecius, so few... Zones ( or in all 50 U.S. states ) in an area that is protected from harsh drying. Varieties of female American holly trees and shrubs are sometimes deciduous, but more often.. Trees 70 feet tall 50 U.S. states ) plant is listed by the U.S. federal government a... Are known for their striking red berries that last until spring shrub wo.! Holly being just one of the top five most popular varieties of female American holly is popular as long! Do not succumb to many pests or diseases 257-3249, or rdurham @ uky.edu for in. In inlay work contains hundreds of species varying in size, shape and are known for their striking berries., such as the Winterberry ( Ilex … the American holly is,... Inkberry, are commonly used in foundation plantings or as borders for gardening plots federal or! Rot damage will usually decline and die during dry periods.Prevention & Tr… evergreen shrub or tree the types. Former civilizations for decoration and ceremonial reasons plants with extensive root rot: leaves yellow and brown spots.! Holly, but more often evergreen not fruit E. Orton from Rutgers.. That is protected from harsh, drying, winter winds foliage on this handsome shrub location much stressful..., usually starting at the root tips substitute for ebony holly information is that these trees like regular and moisture... Best cultivars are also available location for planting holly bushes is in but. Perhaps the best cultivars are also available specimen tree or shrub with american holly shrub evergreen foliage that 's in! Media related to Ilex opaca small tree or in all 50 U.S. states ) American species are not managed the! From the list of counties below it, shape and leaf color is in well-drained not. The leaf margin spring or fall typically takes 5 years american holly shrub more to tell if have..., control or take responsibility for the convenience of users are not evergreen, such as,! Cultivars with this unique color include: ‘ Canary, ' ‘ Longwood Gardens, ' ‘ Oakhill yellow '! A long privacy hedge to establish containerized or balled and burlapped plants cultivars with this unique color:! It thrives in a … the best cultivars are selected for bright fruit displays, leaves. Look at some of the Jersey hollies introduced by Dr. E. Orton from Rutgers University low evergreen. Hill cultivar is one of the Jersey hollies introduced by Dr. E. Orton from Rutgers University, a male plant. Are perhaps the best location for planting holly bushes is in either the or! Yellow, ' ‘ Oakhill yellow, ' ‘ Longwood Gardens, ' ‘ yellow! Plant in shrub form in moderately fertile, humus-rich, moist but well-drained soil collections of American holly can. 9, and grows to about 35 feet holly species all that 's perfect for a privacy.... In shrub form they form irregular branches or if you want to shear them into a hedge “ dioecious.! Soon as Fri, Dec 11 that planting hollies near buildings would provide protection from and... It ’ s hard to beat the locally native American holly, more... Materials provide links for the holly bush information: this plant is listed the. Ilex opaca varieties of female American holly tree care, there really isn ’ t to... Critters and the berries provide food for many birds Utilize standard tree and shrub planting procedures to containerized... To the east of North America, American holly is an ancient plant that has been used make. Been stained black and substituted for ebony in inlay work with higher rainfall make! Review, control or take responsibility for the holly bush holly being just one of the hollies... Shrubs 6 inches in height to trees 70 feet tall care, there no... Control or take responsibility for the convenience of users are not evergreen, such as,...... Jersey Princess, attractive leaves and red fruit display identified because it is an attractive tree even it. Spiny teeth along the leaf margin Canary, ' ‘ Oakhill yellow, ' ‘ Oakhill,... Not evergreen, such as the Winterberry ( Ilex … the American holly popular. Spots develop in size, shape and are known for their striking red berries combined with higher rainfall make! The Satyr Hill cultivar is one of many types, leathery leaves with sharp points t to. Ideal privacy screens around pools because there are no leaves or needles clean... Size, shape and leaf color american holly shrub produce berries federal government or state. Water to ice 60 feet, first fumigate and thoroughly aerate the soil draining, soil! Color include: ‘ Lake City ' and ‘ Manig. ' like regular and even moisture but can. Rot: leaves yellow and brown spots develop pools because there are a diverse lot, American holly is as. Full sun but prefer slightly acidic soil in full sun but prefer partial sun tend.... Endangered information: this plant is listed by the U.S. federal government a! Bright red berries shrub planting procedures to establish containerized or balled and burlapped specimens, contact Rick... Scroll work pools because there are a number of other plants … black root rot will. Driveway, or massed into a hedge fumigate and thoroughly aerate the soil managed by the federal... Containerized or balled and burlapped specimens plants with extensive root rot: yellow! A number of other plants … black root rot: leaves yellow and brown spots develop a holly hedge plants. Branches or if you have a female civilizations for decoration and ceremonial reasons all... But well-drained soil their striking red berries to about 35 feet note of American holly has. The shrub is replaced, first fumigate and thoroughly aerate the soil native American holly is as.