[17] As of August 2010, Eyjafjallajökull was considered dormant. [21][22] On 20 April 2010, Icelandic President Ólafur Grímsson said "the time for Katla to erupt is coming close...we [Iceland] have prepared...it is high time for European governments and airline authorities all over the world to start planning for the eventual Katla eruption". Searchable Map of Eyjafjallajökull using Google Earth Data Satellite View is showing Eyjafjallajökull one of the smaller glaciers of Iceland. Shot on July 28, 2010, A film crew lands on Eyjafjallajokull during the 2010 eruption, Volcanic Eyjafjallajökull run off: Seljalandsfoss Waterfall (binaural recording optimized for headphones), Magma pathways and earthquakes at Eyjafjallajökull, Icelandic Meteorological Institute (PDF), SI / USGS Weekly Volcanic Activity Report for Eyjafjallajökull, Volcanic Ash Advisory Graphical Forecast for the North Atlantic region, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eyjafjallajökull&oldid=991825424, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Wikipedia articles needing clarification from May 2011, Wikipedia external links cleanup from November 2015, Wikipedia spam cleanup from November 2015, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 00:50. About Eyjafjallajokull Glacier. Az Eyjafjallajökull alatti vulkán viszonylag gyakran mutat aktivitást. Eyjafjallajökull is now entirely safe to visit and is seen on most tours of the South Coast in clear weather. The sea gradually moved about 5km south. In April 2010, Eyjafjallajökull, a volcano in southern Iceland, began spewing several kilometres of volcanic ash into the atmosphere.The cloud of ash forced the greatest airspace closure since World War II, cancelling nearly 100,000 flights and disrupting the travel plans of tourists and business travelers alike throughout northern Europe. This means that there is an ice cap that covers a caldera of a volcano – meaning that a glacier has the ability to erupt! It left behind vast ash clouds so large that in some areas daylight was entirely obscured. On 14 April 2010 Eyjafjallajökull resumed erupting after a brief pause, this time from the top crater in the centre of the glacier, causing jökulhlaup (meltwater floods) to rush down the nearby rivers, and requiring 800 people to be evacuated. The ice cap covers an area of about 100 square kilometres (39 sq mi), feeding many outlet glaciers. In 1823, some men went hiking up on Eyjafjallajökull to inspect the craters. In 1967, there was a massive landslide on the Steinholtsjökull glacial tongue. In the town of Hvolsvöllur, there is a visitor’s centre on the volcano, which focuses on the experience of one family whose farm, Þorvaldseyri, was one of the many destroyed by the floods, lava and ash. Eyjafjallajokull is a volcano that is entirely covered by an ice cap. [16] The volcano continued to have several earthquakes daily, with volcanologists watching the volcano closely. Records show eruptions in 920, 1612 or 1613, 1821–23, and 2010. 2010-et megelőzően a legutolsó kitörés 1821-23-ban volt. Eyjafjallajökull (pronounce: "Ei-ya-fyat-LA-yer-kitle) is a volcano in Iceland.The name means "island-mountains glacier". Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the E and W flanks, but are more prominent on the western side. The sea level has retreated some 5 km, leaving behind sheer cliffs with and many waterfalls such as Skógafoss. All stamps contain real volcanic ash which fell on 17 April 2010.[25]. Eldgosið í Eyjafjallajökli 2010. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted in 920, 1612 and again from 1821 to 1823 when it caused a glacial lake outburst flood (or jökulhlaup). The ice cap of Eyjafjallajokull covers an … In strong winds, the water of the smaller falls can even be blown up the mountain. [5]Den 31 mars började ytterligare ett utbrott i Fimmvörðuháls. The southern end of the volcano was once part of the Atlantic coastline. Then, fjalla which means mountains, and last jökull, which means glacier. ASTER observed the heat signature by recording thermal infrared radiation (energy) coming from the volcano. [6] In 1967, there was a massive landslide on the Steinholtsjökull glacial tongue. The Eyjafjallajokull volcano eruption time lapse, by Sean Stiegemeier. It is part of a chain of volcanoes stretching across Iceland. The volcano is fed by a magma chamber under the mountain, which in turn derives from the tectonic divergence of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge. Eyjafjallajökull first erupted on March 20, 2010, in a fiery display that sent fountains of lava shooting high into the air and ribbons of lava flowing down cliff faces. The Icelandic Meteorological Office updates its website with reports of quakes at both Eyjafjallajökull and Katla. Gos hófst svo á Fimmvörðuhálsi þann … The main outlet glaciers are to the north: Gígjökull, flowing into Lónið, and Steinholtsjökull, flowing into Steinholtslón. After that event the sequence of eruptions continued on a more subdued level until June 1822. Eyjafjallajökull (also called E15) is the Icelandic name for "Island mountain glacier". Sen alla on jäätikön mukaan nimetty Eyjafjallajökull-niminen tulivuori, joka on purkautunut vuosina 920, 1612, 1821–1823 ja 2010.. Jäätikkö kuuluu Islannin korkeimpiin; sen korkein huippu kohoaa 1 666 metriin. BGS scientists respond to volcanic eruptions and contribute to the Scientific Advisory Group in Emergencies (SAGE). Previous airplane encounters with ash resulted in sandblasted windows and particles melted inside jet engines, causing them to fail. Eyjafjallajökull consists of a volcano completely covered by an ice cap. [14] The eruptions also created electrical storms. It last erupted in 2010. Its nearest active neighbours are Katla, to the northeast, and Eldfell, on Heimaey, to the southwest. Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Even more spectacular views await when you venture into the fabled valley of Þórsmörk (also known as Thórsmörk) on the other side. The Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland is known to everyone because of its most recent eruption in the year 2010 that disrupted the air traffic in entire Europe. The word fjalla is the genitive plural of fjöll, and so Eyjafjalla is the genitive form of Eyjafjöll and means: "of the Eyjafjöll". Eyjafjallajökull is sometimes referred to by the numeronym "E15". info], in italiano /ejafjatlaˈjɔkutl/), è un ghiacciaio dell'Islanda.. Il nome significa in islandese Ghiacciaio dei Monti delle Isole; la parola è formata da eyja (isole), fjalla (montagne) e jökull (ghiacciaio); le isole in questione sono le …